Professor, Department of Medical Ethics, Humanities, and Law
Parker Crutchfield, PhD, received his bachelors degree in philosophy at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor. He completed his PhD in philosophy at Arizona State University, working in applied ethics, epistemology, and the philosophy of science. Following graduate school, he was assistant professor of ethics and the inaugural director of research at the Missouri School of Dentistry and Oral Health at A.T. Still University, a school which he helped found. As Associate Professor in the Department of Medical Ethics, Humanities, and Law at WMed, Dr. Crutchfield conducts clinical ethics consultations, teaches medical students and residents, and conducts research in medical ethics.
Education and Training
- PhD 2011, Philosophy, Arizona State University
- BA 2003, Philosophy, University of Michigan-Ann Arbor
- Moral Psychology
- Cognitive Science
Crutchfield P. PROTECTING FUTURE GENERATIONS BY ENHANCING CURRENT GENERATIONS The Routledge Handbook of the Ethics of Human Enhancement. 2023:282-292.
Crutchfield P. The Duty to Edit the Human Germline Res Publica. 2023;29:347-365.
Crutchfield P., Gibb T.S., Redinger M.J. Default Positions in Clinical Ethics The Journal of clinical ethics. 2023;34:258-269.
Crutchfield P., Scheall S., Justin Rzeszutek M., Dawn Brown H., Cardoso Sao Mateus C. Ignorance and moral judgment: Testing the logical priority of the epistemic Consciousness and Cognition. 2023;108
Brummett A., Crutchfield P. Two internal critiques for theists who oppose moral enhancement on a process virtue basis Bioethics. 2022;36:367-373.
Carroll E., Crutchfield P. The Duty to Protect, Abortion, and Organ Donation Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics. 2022;31:333-343.
Crutchfield P. Societal Collapse and Intergenerational Disparities in Suffering Neuroethics. 2022;15
Crutchfield P., Redinger M. The Conditions for Ethical Chemical Restraints AJOB Neuroscience. 2022
Fogler J.M., Ratliff-Schaub K., McGuinn L., Crutchfield P., Schwartz J., Soares N. OpenNotes: Anticipatory Guidance and Ethical Considerations for Pediatric Psychologists in Interprofessional Settings Journal of Pediatric Psychology. 2022;47:189-194.
Kaplan H., Guidry-Grimes L., Crutchfield P., Hulkower A., Horner C., Burke J.E., Fedson S. An Open Discussion of the Impact of OpenNotes on Clinical Ethics: A Justification for Harm-Based Exclusions from Clinical Ethics Documentation The Journal of clinical ethics. 2022;33:303-313.
Crutchfield P. Moral Enhancement and the Public Good Moral Enhancement and the Public Good. 2021:1-174.
Crutchfield P. Delusion, Proper Function, and Justification Neuroethics. 2021;14:113-124.
Gibb T.S., Crutchfield P., Redinger M.J., Minser J. Ethical and Professional Considerations in Integrated Behavioral Health Pediatric Clinics of North America. 2021;68:607-619.
Scheall S., Crutchfield P. The Priority of the Epistemic Episteme. 2021;18:726-737.
Crutchfield P. Engendering moral post-persons: A novel self-help strategy Bioethics. 2020;34:679-686.
Crutchfield P. Extrapolating from Laboratory Behavioral Research on Nonhuman Primates Is Unjustified Journal of Applied Philosophy. 2020;37:628-645.
Crutchfield P. It is better to be ignorant of our moral enhancement: A reply to Zambrano Bioethics. 2020;34:190-194.
Crutchfield P., Gibb T.S., Redinger M.J., Fales W. Ethical Allocation of Remdesivir American Journal of Bioethics. 2020;20:84-86.
Crutchfield P., Scheall S. Epistemic Burdens, Moral Intimacy, and Surrogate Decision Making American Journal of Bioethics. 2020;20:59-61.
Kanungo S., Barr J., Crutchfield P., Fealko C., Soares N. Ethical Considerations on Pediatric Genetic Testing Results in Electronic Health Records Applied Clinical Informatics. 2020;11:755-763.
Redinger M., Fledderman N., Crutchfield P. An ethical framework to manage patient requests for medical marijuana Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine. 2020;33:147-151.
Crutchfie P. Compulsory moral bioenhancement should be covert Bioethics. 2019;33:112-121.
Crutchfield P. Moral Normative Force and Clinical Ethics Expertise American Journal of Bioethics. 2019;19:89-91.
Crutchfield P., Gibb T.S., Redinger M.J., Ferman D., Livingstone J. The Conditions for Ethical Application of Restraints Chest. 2019;155:617-625.
Crutchfield P., Scheall S. Epistemic burdens and the incentives of surrogate decision-makers Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy. 2019;22:613-621.
Crutchfield P. Moral enhancement can kill Journal of Medicine and Philosophy (United Kingdom). 2018;43:568-584.
Crutchfield P. The Ethics of Anti-aging Clinical Trials Science and Engineering Ethics. 2018;24(2):441-453.
Crutchfield P., Gibb T., Redinger M. Placebos and a New Exception to Informed Consent AJOB Neuroscience. 2018;9:200-202.
Crutchfield P., Pazdernik V., Hansen G., Malone J., Wagenknecht M. Being Hungry Affects Oral Size Perception i-Perception. 2018;9
Redinger M., Crutchfield P., Gibb T., Longstreet P., Strung R. Conversion Disorder Diagnosis and Medically Unexplained Symptoms American Journal of Bioethics. 2018;18(5):31-33.
Crutchfield P.A.S., Jarvis J.S., Olson T., Wilson M.S. Observed altruism in dental students: An experiment using the ultimatum game Journal of Dental Education. 2017;81:1301-1308.
Crutchfield P. Decoded Neurofeedback Is Unlikely to Enhance Moral Capacities AJOB Neuroscience. 2016;7:125-126.
Crutchfield P. The Epistemology of Moral Bioenhancement Bioethics. 2016;30:389-396.
Crutchfield P. The Future of Inductive Risk for Disorders of Consciousness AJOB Neuroscience. 2016;7:56-57.
Crutchfield P., Mahoney C., Pazdernik V., Rivera C. Cross-modal influence on oral size perception Archives of Oral Biology. 2016;61:89-97.
Crutchfield P. Representing high-level properties in perceptual experience Philosophical Psychology. 2012;25:279-294.
- Determining Drug-Seeking Behavior in the Emergency Department: Provider Perspectives. White J, Trainer N, Crutchfield P, Vos D, 38th Annual Kalamazoo Community Medical and Health Sciences Virtual Research Day, Kalamazoo, Michigan, 04/2021